Category Archives: Universal Laws of Wealth
The flower in your wall is a great lesson to us all.
My guess is that it didn’t struggle or doubt as its cells divided and it raised itself up from the crack in the well. Instead it followed the innate programming of its Divine Design and simply grew.
We all have many ideas that germinate within our minds, thoughts that are motivated by a desire to find light. Yet all too often we stunt those ideas before they have a chance to bear fruit.
In their early stages our thoughts are just like that little flower, strong and healthy – but prone to damage by frost. The frost in this case is our fear-based thoughts. Grounded on the foundation of constricting belief-systems, fears can creep in and nip our desires in the bud if we are not attentive.
In the Natural Wealth Course we show you how to dissolve the fears that come from belief-systems. We may not get rid of them altogether, but we can learn to quieten them, to tune out from their interference-patterns and tune in to the frequencies that truly nourish us.
As your beautiful flower proves, seeds can germinate and flourish no matter how barren or challenging the terrain may appear to be. What helps them do this is that they never doubt the power of the Divine Design. They never resist the great force that resides within them.
The biggest lesson I take from your little flower is that instead of trying to impose our ego-based ideas on life, we’re always better off when we hand over to the Divine Design and say “Your way, not my way!”
In essence, when we stop struggling against perceived obstacles and start trusting in the workings of the natural world, we begin to relax and that opens the way for us to grow towards the light.
One phrase that I’ve found helpful at times of doubt is this: “There is a way where there is no way!”
I think your little flower might agree…
With best wishes for a very Happy Easter!
“Where your attention goes, your energy flows” is a personal mantra of mine. It’s a foundation principle for us all, because we really do create success or failure depending on where we put our attention.
As you say, avoiding pain is built deep into our fight-or-flight response mechanisms, but if we become focused on what’s causing us pain, we simply create more of it. The trick is to shift our attention from what is causing disturbance in our lives to a desired outcome. Doing this directs our thoughts away from the negative and moves them into an arena where they are free to play and have fun instead.
That sounds really simple and it is, but it’s not always easy!
Most of us have friends or relatives who direct our attention (and therefore energy) toward the negative. Most of us pay attention to the news bulletins on our radios, television sets or Ipads/phones; and the more attention we pay to those things, the worse we feel. We can even make ourselves “sick with worry” about “how bad everything is”.
So we have to get strict with ourselves and those around us. We have to step in and stop something when it becomes obvious that it’s putting our attention toward something that is dragging our energy down.
With friends it can be a simple process of redirecting the conversation towards something else. With the media, it’s a case of tuning out, switching off the endless stream of debilitating words, images and sounds that makes up 99% of all current-affairs/news items.
Just starting with those two simple shifts in behaviour will make a big difference.
On a wider level seeking out sustainable forms of wealth means broadening our approach. In our definition of wealth, we include money, health, love, perfect self expression and spiritual wellbeing. Those are the five elements of Natural Wealth that you and I talk about at www.resonancewithlife.com. It’s important to put our attention equally to all five, because that leads to being fed and nurtured in a truly balanced way.
To answer your specific question about how we deal with coming changes and possible collapses of whole banking systems: my personal view is that although things appear to be calmer right now, we’re on course for hitting a major ice-berg.
We’re already seeing a systematic devaluing of the dollar and euro and this process will continue. It could be that both currencies have to be completely scrapped and re-started (as the Deutschmark was in Germany last century) which would mean a huge re-adjustment for us all.
Something major will have to happen. Western banks can’t continue to add billions to the coffers, because those billions don’t really exist. It’s a confidence trick: nothing more, nothing less. At some point the “toxic” derivative issue will rear its head and then a real panic could set in.
How to deal with this? As ever, do what few people are doing. Buy what is being sold off and sell anything that ties you to any potential banking collapse. To me this means putting attention towards “real” wealth builders, such as gold and silver and rare metals. Real estate in some places will be a good bet too (again, thinking outside the box, and keeping an eye on where China and Russia are putting their money will help).
Aside of that, shifting the emphasis of wealth from being simply about material gain always helps. Keeping our bodies fit, allowing our creative sides to find expression, spending time with loved-ones: all these are just as important as the pursuit of money – and will set us in good stead should our currencies be devalued.
Think of it this way: money is just one form of currency. Health, love, friendship, creation and laughter are also forms of currency. They’re similar exchanges of energy. And they pay us back in ways that are equally nourishing (if not more).
How do we measure our lives? What are our yardsticks of success? Is what we are currently paying attention to adding to our vitality or depleting it?
Those are questions for each of us to answer. As we seek those answers we can remind ourselves that wherever our attention goes, our energy will flow. So, it pays dividends to pay attention to what we are paying attention to!
And I think it also pays to remember that: “Not all the gold of the richest kings is worth the memory of happy things.”
Until next time,
Check out http://www.resonancewithlife.com for our full Natural Wealth Course and other products!
Your last post reminds me of the words of one of my teachers who once said to me: “It’s good to be generous to others, but you must remember to be generous to yourself!”
Perhaps this year’s New Year’s Resolution might be to follow that advice? Often we find it easy to be generous to others. We take pleasure in giving, but find it hard to be generous to ourselves. We tend to be our own worst critics, pronouncing judgements (usually negative ones) on all sorts of things, from our waist-size to the size of our bank balance.
Sometimes it’s just in our casual reactions, like saying “What an idiot I am!” under our breath when something goes wrong. Other times it can mean talking ourselves out of an opportunity. I figure we’ve all done this.
Being generous to ourselves means not talking like that any more: or, when we hear ourselves making a self-judgement, committing to taking it back each time. I find it easiest to talk to myself (sometimes even out loud!) in the third person when I hear myself say/think something negative like this. “Stop that!” I say to myself. I then overlay whatever it was that I just said with a statement of its opposite. The quicker I take action on it, the better.
Being generous to ourselves isn’t a selfish thing. It’s perhaps an essential ingredient in helping others be generous too. As above, so below. As within, so without.
Not a bad starting point for this year’s journey along the path of Natural Wealth…
Enjoy your day!
A lot of people ask me how we can create a life we desire as opposed to being pushed around by it. My answer is always the same: we’re all doing it each and every day. It’s just that for most of us we don’t realize how powerful the mind is, so we don’t know we are doing it! Here is an example.
A few years ago the Massachusetts Institute of Technology did a series of tests that prove beyond doubt we can all heal ourselves when we create the right mental environment. They also prove that we can create symptoms of illness even when there’s no need. Here’s what happened:
A group of young men and women were given a series of fortnightly injections. Into the right arm went a red fluid containing a small dose of the TB virus. Into the left arm went a saline solution that was dyed green.
Where the TB virus was injected a bloom (red patch) appeared on the right arm afterwards. This is normal. It shows the body is reacting to the virus. Where the green fluid was injected, no visible reaction occurred. Again, this is normal. Saline would not be expected to create any response.
This was repeated three times, each time with exactly the same results: red fluid, right arm, bloom: green fluid, left arm, nothing. Then came the twist in the tale.
On the fourth test, as before, the researches injected red fluid into the right arm and green into the left. This time, however, they switched the contents. The TB virus went into the green fluid and the red fluid was now “harmless” saline. The results were amazing.
More than 90% of those tested still produced a TB-bloom on their right arm and nothing on their left.
What does this mean for us? It means that not only can we create a symptom when there is no need for us to do so: we can also IGNORE, or override, a stimulus if our minds are trained to do so. This is great news for all those who are interested in manifesting.
Why? Because if we can train our minds to expect certain outcomes; those outcomes will come to pass. It is as simple as that.
There’s a catch to this, however, which is that if we don’t train our minds, we will manifest all sorts of random, unwanted things as our brains fire off in all directions.
One important factor here is the repetition of something three times. Do something three times and the conscious mind assumes that when we do it a fourth, fifth or 100th time, the result will be the same. So, it switches off and allows the subconscious mind to take over. Three times is all it takes. That’s why three is such a “magic” number.
This is a real key for us. It means our brains pick up habits really quickly. It also means that once a belief has settled into the subconscious, it doesn’t really matter what your conscious mind is doing: your subconscious will win the day. (See my last post for more on why imagination always beats willpower).
This is because our subconscious minds are way, way more powerful than our conscious minds. So powerful in fact that they can create damage, or block us from our dreams if they are not managed.
Look at the power of the subconscious mind like fire. Let loose, fire can cause devastating destruction, ripping its way through forests, killing animals, burning all vegetation. But take care of it, control it and it can become a crucial ingredient to our well being. Tend fire, watch over it (train it) – and we can then use it for cooking, for keeping our house warm, and for sitting around as we tell stories to one another (perhaps toasting marshmallows!) with the orange glow lighting up our faces.
The tick is to know that we’re all creating life each and every moment. We’re all masters at manifesting. We simply create whatever is going on inside our subconscious minds at any time. If we don’t train the subconscious, this can be damaging for us. For instance: if we believe we’ll get ill, or stay poor, or never find our perfect partner….that’s exactly what we’ll get.
So, how do we train the subconscious mind? We take care with our words. We use our imagination like a web-designer, choosing what goes into the website of our life. We put our attention to things that make us feel good. Do this over and over and our habits become those of manifesting what we desire.
I’ll come back to this another time, because it seems to me to be important right now, as we look around us and wonder which way the world is going to turn. We DO have the power to change things, each and every one of us. And we can do it right now. We just have to start paying attention to what we are paying attention to!
We have to get into the habit of imagining perfect outcomes. Imagine them, expect them – and they are already there.
Love and Best Wishes,
“There is no such thing as separation. We do not end where our bodies end. We do not stop when we die. We are timeless, multi-dimensional beings walking around in temporary physical form and we are capable of far, far more than we have been led to believe.” (from the Natural Wealth Course.)
What we focus on expands. I’ve found this to be so true not just in my life, but working with clients too.
For instance: a little while ago I had a client who, although very successful was very unsettled. He didn’t have any big trauma going on in his life, nor did he have something “deeply buried” from his past that was causing him pain. But he was sleeping badly, not able to focus and generally anxious and on edge for much of the time. In other words he was stressed.
This is a common thing for many of us right now. The pace of life is hectic and the world moves with ever-increasing speed. Pebbles (our feelings, thoughts and actions) are dropped into the pond each nano-second (by us and by others) and their ripples meet each other so often that interference-patterns can be created.
With this particular client I simply suggested that he stop watching television for a week. “Put your focus onto pretty much anything else. Give your mind and body time to relax.” I then explained how television ratchets up tension in the body rather than relaxing us as so many people think it does.
About a month later I heard from my him. “Thanks so much, Richard,” he said. “I stopped watching TV like you suggested and the transformation is just amazing. I’ve started walking in nature again, I spend time in my garden, I read books…and my wife and I are talking like we haven’t talked in years. It’s like I suddenly have my life back!” Bingo!
Over the past five years or so I’ve seen a huge rise in the number of people who are coming to me suffering from intense stress. It’s a big problem and is now the commonest cause of heart disease (the biggest killer) in the West. Here’s one theory on why this might be.
We live in an age of over-stimulation. Teen-age years have become screen-age years, with our kids spending several hours per day on gaming consoles or squinting at their portable devices. Screens seem to greet us everywhere we go with messages of terrible things happening all across the globe. The virtual world is fast encroaching on the real one. You only have to get off a plane to see what 90% of people do as soon as possible: turn on the cell phone!
Facebook, Twitter, Blogs and emails bombard us each and every second of the day. If we’re not careful we can get subtly drawn into returning to the screen more and more often. We just can’t seem to help ourselves. We feel we just have to send out another tweet, rush to reply to our Facebook comments or check the stats on our blogs etc.
It’s addictive. And the more we pay attention to it, the more stressed we become. And the more stressed we become, the more agitated are the ripples we that send out on the pond, which means we spread stress to others.
One of the prime side-effects of this addiction is loneliness. People spend increasing amounts of time on their own. And even if they are taking part in an online community activity, this is no substitute for real relationships in the three-dimensional world. Loneliness and isolation are racing up the charts when it comes to causes of stress-related illness. The results are plain for all to see. A few years back I predicted that one of the fastest-growing businesses in the coming decade will be “Screen-Disorder Rehab Units”. It’s happening as we speak.
So how do we deal with the bombardment? One way is to take time each day to ourselves. Give ourselves a platform firmly based in something that rests heart, body and mind. If we can find time in nature so much the better. It’s a known fact that simply thinking about a plant lowers the heart rate and reduces stress.
But getting into nature is not possible for many of us. So what else can we do? Well, we can learn to put our attention to things that feed and nurture us. I don’t just mean going out and playing sport or visiting the gym here. I mean shifting focus so that new areas of life expand. How do we do this? By using our imagination.
Imagination is a real power within us. And its effects are very real. That’s because our subconscious minds cannot tell the difference between real and imagined input. And our subconscious minds are far, far more powerful than our conscious minds.
For example: I have a fear of heights. It’s totally irrational, but try as I might I haven’t been able to fix it. Put me in a car driving along a narrow country lane (something that happens often!) and I’m just fine. Put me in the same car on a lane equally narrow on the side of a mountain with a sheer fall to one side and I’m a gibbering wreck. What makes the difference between the two situations? My imagination. Pure and simple.
I imagine the car falling away down the side of the mountain, I start sweating, my muscles tense up and I feel sick. Logic might shout at me that there’s no reason for this, but that doesn’t matter. My imagination wins the day, every time.
The great thing about this is that we all have imagination. And it’s free! So, we can use it to take us to places where we can relax. We can put our attention onto simple things that help us relax, refresh and heal. If we do this each day it builds up (like going to the gym to workout) and pretty soon we find ourselves able to cope with the daily stressors much better. We’re literally creating our own reality, rather than being pushed around by life.
We are what we put our attention to. Or, as you say: “What we focus on
expands…” And the fun part of that is that, so long as we are not totally addicted to the adrenalin-pumping world of the screen, we can choose where we put that focus.
Imagination is the key. It beats willpower every time.
Where is your attention going? What life are you imagining for yourself, right now?
Love and best wishes,
Richard’s Sanctuary Creation MP3 is available as a totally free download at www.ignitewealthnow.com Taking you on an inner journey to create and maintain a place of true tranquility within, this 28 minute audio-recording is a must for anyone suffering from anxiety, stress or confusion.
Also available at www.ignitewealthnow.com is Richard’s full 17-part course Natural Wealth, the Instruction Manual to the Great Game of Life.
I love the image of your two selves: the small one with the ego trying to resist things and the larger one that is beckoning to you to go with the flow, to express the energy and light with which you, like all of us, were born. I’d like to develop
this idea of different selves and suggest that we increase our power when we
stop resisting who we really are and hand ourselves over to that “larger” self.
Here’s another image for you. Think of life as a big board game. Your physical body is the counter on that board game. It’s the part that moves from square to square as you experience things in three dimensional reality. But it’s not the part of you that has the instruction manual of how to play the game in its hands. Nor is it the part of you that throws the dice.
So, who or what is it that has the rule-book? Who throws the dice and moves you around the board game of life?
The answer is: the part of you that rose to the surface through colors and feelings and led you to give out a sound of completeness: the part of you that is far, far larger and more powerful than your ego. Some people call it “spirit”, some call it “god”. I call it the Divine Self, because it is the self that truly divines what is best for you.
The names don’t really matter. What matters is that we all have it, embedded deeply within us. Divinity is not something that’s just “out there”. It’s “in here” as well. It’s the part of you that locates and experiences infinite sources of
energy and light and loves to share them with others.
We all know this when we’re small. Our Divine Self shines from us brightly as we explore the world around us, asking questions, connecting with others, being the endlessly curious and confident selves that we naturally are. That’s why listening to the laughter of small children when we’re adults, or looking into the shining eyes of a baby, is so compelling. We’re instantly transported back to a connection with who we once were…and who we still are, just beneath the surface.
As very small children we’re all truly divine. We know where we’re at. We follow our intuition at all times. We meet life head-on, accepting its mysteries without
fearing them. It’s only later that we get taught to be fearful, to not let our
genii out of the bottle, to clip our own wings.
That’s because our western education turns us towards the illusion that we are
separate from our environment. Like a virus in a computer, it deflects us from
our true potential, slowing us down and spreading to others through our
attachments. That’s why detaching yourself from outcomes is so important. If
you don’t open attachments, you don’t release the virus.
Natural Wealth is all about reconnecting with this Divine Self, because it’s my belief that as a race we have gotten to the point where we have to find a new sources of wealth, sources that are truly sustainable and that don’t involve competition with each other or destruction of our planet. And I believe that the answers lie in reconnecting with our Divine Selves.
So how do we do that? How do we strip away the layers of education and social expectancy so that our Divine Selves can come out and play? The answer is: we stop resisting the notion that they are there! Just as you talk about in your last post. We take a step sideways from “normal thinking” and allow ourselves to remember who we are. We decide to never let fear be a motivation for any of our actions, but instead to always act from love. This includes loving ourselves enough to let the resistance to expressing ourselves fall away, to allow our Divine Selves to rise to the surface and explore life’s mysteries with all the enthusiasm and passion that we had when we were small.
That really does involve letting go of the rope: the rope that our ego clutches onto so tightly, afraid of what might happen if we don’t stick to the ways we learned at school. It’s not always easy, but it’s worth it, every time, because letting go of that rope brings a deep, deep breath of relief. And pretty soon afterwards we realize that the most important thing about playing the Great Game of Life is not to try to WIN it, it’s to help each other to regain the freedom to come out to play!
Keep shining brightly over there in sunny Austin, Gaye. It’s what we’re all here to do…
Natural Wealth can be found at: www.IgniteWealthNow.com
Firstly, what a perfect dream to receive! As you know, I do a lot of work with/in the alpha-brainwave, which is the bandwidth within which all dreams take place. I believe that we can create through our dreams as much as we can learn from them. But let’s move on to the main issue here, which is one that is so common for all of us: resisting a situation.
Here’s a quote from your last post that sums it up:
“I could choose to struggle or I could ask for help and not struggle. But was that really the issue here? What was more at stake was an attachment to being the one that could pull this off and save some money. The attachment was causing the struggle in the first place.”
Bingo! That last line is a key for us all. Here’s why:
One of the guidelines in our course Natural Wealth, the New and Updated Instruction Manual to the Great Game of Life, is the Law of Non-Resistance. This law teaches us to leave behind any attachment to outcome. This is a really important step in our quest for wealth in all its forms, especially health and peace of mind.
The Law of Non-Resistance reminds us that to be truly successful we must learn to be as non-resistant as the newest of non-stick saucepans!
Getting attached to an outcome means that we run the risk of disappointment or frustration when the outcome is different to the one we have gotten attached to. This invariably leads to anger and stress. And stress is the biggest creator of heart disease. So, it’s really important to figure this one out.
Being attached to an outcome really means that we’re trying to push things a certain way. On some level we’re saying: “This is the way it has to be!” That’s an ego-driven thought, which is not going to get us far on the board of the Great Game of Life.
One of my favorite films is The Truman Show. I like it for plenty of reasons (the soundtrack being one of them!) but mostly because it’s such a good analogy of how things are for us as we shake off the methods that we were taught at school and start playing the Great Game instead.
It’s always the same cycle: initial denial, followed by frustration, followed by anger, followed by acceptance. One of the most haunting yet beautiful scenes in any film is right towards the end, when Jim Carrey’s boat rips into the painted scenery that circumscribes his fake world. There’s no going back after that: no denial possible. He can’t resist the truth any longer.
The funny thing is, when we choose to stop struggling against something (and it IS a choice) life becomes a whole load easier. It was only when you detached yourself from the outcome you thought you wanted that another outcome presented itself: an easy outcome with no stress!
The trick is to do this all the time. But how?
Well, one way is to throw your hands in the air and say out loud: “OK! Your way, not my way!” That’s the simplest way I know of handing a situation over to the Divine/Infinite Intelligence. “God’s way, not my way” is fine too: whatever it takes to detach yourself from a projected outcome, to remove ego from the equation.
Another way is to remind yourself that it’s only when we resist something that it can have an adverse affect on us. That’s because resistance is always born of fear (in this case the fear of not having the money to pay someone else to do the task in hand) and acting through fear can only ever have a detrimental affect.
Think about it in terms of the human body and health. When our systems are operating smoothly, we are healthy. Blood pumps consistently from the heart, zooming out through our arteries and back in through our veins. At the same time, electricity moves seamlessly through each cell. So does magnetic current. There is no resistance in the system. When we’re healthy, we are literally “going with the flow”.
It’s only when something comes along to stop this seamless flow (usually a thought-based reaction) that we become dis-eased. The flow is broken and a malfunction occurs. Resistance is the cause of all physical ailments. It’s the cause of all anger and frustration too.
Knowing this is all very well when we’re calm, but how do we translate this knowledge to taking action on a daily basis? What if we’re standing in the queue at Walmart and it’s not moving? We’re running late for a meeting and we can feel the blood pressure begin to rise? What if we’re driving the kids to school and they’re screaming and shouting in the back and we feel the urge to shout at them to “Shut UP!”? What if someone we love says something that really hurts us and we instantly feel angry?
What do we do to make sure we don’t resist these sorts of situations on a moment by moment basis?
The first thing we can do is accept that we have a choice: to react or not to. That puts the power back in our hands. The second thing is to find an image that really works for us: a shortcut to de-stress away from distress.
Here’s something I’ve found useful. See these moments of potential stress as a game of tug-of-war. You are holding one end of the rope and whoever or whatever is causing you frustration is holding the other. If you pull on the end of the rope, that someone/thing will pull back. The harder you pull, the harder they’ll pull too. Only when you let go of the rope, when you stop resisting, does the person/situation that has been causing problems lose its hold over you. There’s nothing for them to pull against, so they fall away. Easily.
So, if “You’re way, not my way!” doesn’t do it for you, try saying out loud: “I’m letting go of this rope!” In your mind see yourself literally holding on to that rope. See who or what is at the other end. Then just toss your end of the rope away. Do it with a smile and I guarantee you’ll feel better for it. The stress will escape from your body and a new outcome will be delivered to you: one that is far more rewarding…
Next time I’m going to talk a little more about this, because it’s such an important part of enjoying The Great Game of Life, but for now, have a great weekend!
Love and best wishes,
Natural Wealth: www.IgniteWealthNow.com
“The only way to make sense out of change is to plunge into it, move with it, and join the dance.” -Alan Watts
This evening in a restorative yoga class in my new home of Austin, Texas, where we did partner work in a Thai Massage style, the teacher in his quiet and grounded voice said, “you can let go now of those areas that you are holding onto. Trust that someone has your back”. He had no idea how deeply this hit me in that moment.
It came to me quite clearly that although I have said to myself, you Richard, and others that I am in trust about the unfolding of my life, the truth of the matter is that there are parts of me that are showing up rather strongly now that have no idea how to trust, especially when it comes to monetary wealth streams – just one of the many energetic ways that wealth shows up in our lives.
Yes, this relocation to a new city – which was completely my choice mind you – represents an opportunity to practice the Universal Laws of Wealth and abundant living way beyond anything I have ever done before. I imagine that I must be ready.
Several things converged to make my first couple of days a little challenging including a rather bad case of bronchitis (I never get sick!) which started in the time I was in my “home” town of San Diego 4 days before my arrival here. After that last post that you did Richard it gave me pause to see just where I might be contracting, and perhaps not in complete alignment with this chosen journey.
In addition, great change can be stressful and when our entire lives are dumped upside down (again by choice!) the emotional reactions can cause some imbalance in the body. At these times we know that it is best to rest, but sometimes that may not be possible, or we may choose not to.
Coming back around to trust I have decided that the signs that “someone has our back” are around us all of the time! From the day I quit the “job with benefits” on 7/1, to right now in this very moment I have been supported emotionally, physically, monetarily, spiritually, and basically taken care of in such an amazing way that I am still in awe! Family, friends, strangers, and you Richard have been the signposts along the way letting me know that “someone has my back”.
This evening as my body relaxed against the young woman in the yoga class who was supporting me in a pose the flash of recognition came that I was holding on, contracting, and doubting that it was OK to really trust. Not in the pose – but in my life!
My mind tells me that I have 3-4 weeks at most before some streams of income need to be coming in. Watching over the last few days since I arrived here there is a mental hesitation (and endless inner calculations) about spending money – any money.
Yet my heart knows what is needed right now so the herbs and good organic produce for the bronchitis and for vital health, the special for unlimited yoga classes for my body, heart and soul for the next month, saying yes to receive from a friend here who is temporarily graciously housing me free of any monetary charge, and putting gas in my car to explore this amazing new place I have landed myself in are all part of the trust.
I have decided that really being in the moment with dis-trust and dis-ease is just as powerful as those moments when absolute trust is on board. They are the life experiences which inform us that we are human….and crack us open to possibility.
So, I am plunging in, moving with it, and doing my own unique dance knowing that someone/something (force of Spirit) always has my back. Now get up and dance with me to Eric Bibbs Don’t Let Nobody Drag Your Spirit Down! It’s all life!!
OTHER BLOGS BY GAYE ABBOTT: